The 1922 Fire that destroyed the Public Record Office in Dublin
Now the bad news; most of the 19th century returns and some of the 20th century ones no longer exist. The 1861 and 1871 returns were destroyed not long after they were taken and during World War One, the 1881 and 1891 returns were pulped. Then there was the explosion and fire of 1922 at the Public Record Office in Dublin during the civil war which destroyed, apart from some fragments, the returns of 1821, 1831, 1841 and 1851, along with other priceless documents going back 100s of years. And if you think it can’t get any worse, the 1926 Northern Ireland census returns were lost during World War Two!
So, what’s left? There are some fragments of the 1821-1851 censuses as follows:
1821 – Cavan, Fermanagh, Galway, King’s County (Offaly) and Meath.
1831 – Londonderry
1841 – Cavan, Cork, Fermamagh and Waterford.
1851 – Antrim, Belfast City (one ward only), Dublin City (index to heads of household only) and Fermanagh.
These surviving records are available online and are searchable. They can be found at the National Archives of Ireland website here.
Nothing remains of the 1861-1891 censuses.
The good news is that the 1901 and 1911 census returns remain virtually intact as they were held in a part of the Records Office that didn’t burn down. These are also available to access free online at the National Archive site here.
The Irish Government has announced that the 1926 census will be available, free of charge, in April 2026.
In Northern Ireland, the 1939 Register is accessible free of charge via a Freedom of Information request at PRONI (Public Record Office of Northern Ireland). You can fill out an online enquiry form here. You will need to know the address of your relatives, or at least the Townland. PRONI will send you a list of people residing at that address, although anyone under the age of 100 years old will be removed, unless proof of death has been recorded.
Incidentally, the 1939 Register for England and Wales is available online with a subscription at FindMyPast. For Scotland you can apply to the National Records of Scotland with a Freedom of Information request. Details and a form are here. Unlike Northern Ireland, a fee is payable and you will have to provide death details for the people you are researching.
For more on the 1939 Register see: Preparing for War: The 1939 Register
Some Census Substitutes
In future posts, I’ll be looking in detail at other sources of Irish records that can be used as census substitutes. In the meantime, I would recommend that you have a good look at the Irish records held by FindMyPast. Of all the online databases, FMP has by far the most comprehensive collection of Irish records with more being added all the time. Useful records that can be used as census substitutes include:
- Trade Directories
- Electoral Rolls
- Griffith’s Valuation
Other very useful records include:
- Prison Records
- Dog License Records (most families had dogs in 19th century Ireland)
- Military Records
- Poor Law Relief Records
And many more!
If you have Irish ancestry (as I do), then I thoroughly recommend taking out a subscription. You can sign up for a 14 day free trial here to see if these records can help you before you commit.
Finally, some exiting news was announced last week about Irish records. Trinity College Dublin, together with their partners the National Archives of Ireland and the UK, PRONI and the Irish Manuscripts Commission launched the Beyond 2022 project. This will create Ireland’s Virtual Record Treasury which will be a digital reconstruction of the Public Record Office of Ireland building and it’s collection. Using surviving records, items held in other archives, transcripts, copies and other sources, they will recreate digitally as much of the 1922 collection as possible. This ambitious project will be launched in the centenary year of the fire in 2022. You can read more about it on the official website here.
For more Irish genealogy see:
Good luck with your Irish research!
For further reading on Irish genealogy, you may find the following books interesting: